Penn State Improving the ‘Chocolate Tree’

The cacao tree produces cocoa beans, the raw material of chocolate. Reliable productivity from cacao plants is essential to the multibillion-dollar chocolate industry, the economies of producing countries, and the livelihoods of millions of smallholder cacao farmers.
 
But each year, several plant diseases severely limit global production, with 20-30 percent of cocoa pods destroyed preharvest.